- High school/GED diploma holders earned $25,200, which was $9000 (23%) higher than adults without a diploma. The average monthly underutilized labor pool (18-64) in Arizona from January 2008-September,
- 2009 was 55% higher for those adult dropouts than for high school/GED diploma holders.
- Males without a high school/GED diploma experienced a mean lifetime earnings decline of nearly 25%.
- Female GED diploma holders had mean annual earnings that were 75% higher than those of dropouts.
- For adults without a high school/GED diploma, the expected years in poverty was nearly twice as high as high school/GED diploma holders, and they would spend 54% of their adult working life in "low income" or less.
- National and state research has shown that home ownership is influenced by income level of family and the cost of housing. One of the largest sources of revenue generation for state and local governments is from property taxes. The best educated women in Arizona worked twice as many hours during the year as high school dropouts and earned nearly five times as much during the year over the 2005-2007 period.
- Besides experiencing lower employment rates than their better educated peers across the state, high school dropouts in Arizona also are much more likely to encounter a wide array of labor market problems, including open employment, hidden employment, under-employment and low wages.
- Those adults with low incomes are substantially more likely to be dependent on both cash and in-kind transfer programs, including food stamps, rental subsidies, energy assistance, and Medicaid to support themselves and their children. These income and in-kind transfers reduce their net fiscal contributions to government at the national and state level. Early evidence based on the 2008 ACS data shows that Arizona adults with GED's do achieve superior employment and earnings outcomes than adult drop outs.
- National findings for immigrants show that both formal schooling and stronger English speaking, reading, and writing skills do often improve their labor market outcomes, including annual earnings.
This report is available in PDF format below:
The Labor Market Experiences and Earnings Fortunes of Arizona Working Age Adults 18-64 Years Old by Educational Attainment
(Highlights from the Report by Center for Labor Market Studies, Northeastern University, Boston , MA ; November, 2009)